Compiègne was one of three seats of the French royal government. The royal residence we know today, the Château de Compiègne, was built for Louis XV. Napoleon restored the château after it was left gutted during the French Revolution, and he ordered it to be made habitable again in 1807. He had its layout altered, a ballroom added, and the garden replanted.
But what did the restless French emperor do with another palace? Well, he lived there with his young bride, Marie-Louise, and it was there where they spent their first night together.
Napoleon had spared neither expense nor effort to impress Marie-Louise, to offer her an elegant new home, and to highlight her duty by selecting works of art featuring themes of love and fecundity. Napoleon had these works of art brought in from the Louvre.
Have a look at the video made by ‘MrGuidoux’ at an event re-enacting the arrival of Marie-Louise and Napoleon at the Château de Compiègne at the end of March 1810
Follow me on a picture tour!
The Château de Compiègne is mainly decorated in the style of the First French Empire (1808-1810), and it is said that it “speaks of Napoleon as Versailles does of Louis XIV”.
The Empress’ Dining Room
This is the room in which Marie-Louise took her first meal with Napoleon on March 27, 1810. It was a private dinner, but not at dinner for two. Napoleon’s sister Caroline was also present.
The Flower Room
The room served as a games room for Marie-Louise and her guests or ladies-in-waiting . Today, it is still furnished with a backgammon table, two quadrille tables, and a bouillotte table.
The Lounge of the Ladies-in-Waiting
This room was decorated and furnished in 1809. The painting of the gods Minerva, Juno, Flora and Ceres celebrate feminine virtues.
The Empress’ Chamber
The Empress’ Bedroom just as it would have looked in 1810. The entire decorative scheme focuses on the theme of abundance and fertility.
The Breakfast Room
Situated between the Emperor’s library and the Empress’ Tea Room, the Breakfast Room was more intimate and private. Here, Marie-Louise was served her first meal of the day.
The 45 meter long ballroom was added to the chateau by Napoleon. The ceiling is decorated with images of gods and heroes of ancient Greece and Rome, and inscriptions of Napoleon’s victories in war.
The wall paper features oak-leaves, stars and bees, and has a brocade border composed of palms and stars. The canopy of the bed is surmounted by an eagle.
Thank you for touring the palace with me!
For a detailed account of Napoleon’s and Marie-Louise’s wedding, I recommend the brilliant article “The Marriage of Napoleon and Marie Louise“ by Shannon Selin.
- Writer’s Travel Guide: The British Tourist and Napoleonic Milan
- Beautiful Carriages from the Napoleonic Era
- A Brief History of the Napoleonic Wars told … in 10 Hand-held Fans
- Gossip Guide to the Kingdom of Naples: Inside the Palace of Caserta
- Writer’s Travel Guide: The British and the Grand Tour to the Kingdom of Naples and Sicily (Part 1)
- Writer’s Travel Guide: Anna-Maria Hunt and the Rescue of Lanhydrock House
- Writer’s Travel Guide: Lyme Park – an Austen Drama in its Own Right
- Writer’s Travel Guide: The Jersey Connection
- Napoleon’s Taste in Shoes and other Delightful Trivia
- Byron, Murder, Carbonari!
- What Would Have Been Your Role at the Congress of Vienna 1814/1815?
- Eleonore Wickham: The Master Spy’s Wife
Palais de Compiègne, Place du Général de Gaulle, 60200 – Compiègne, France